Category: Health

Basic Information About Stroke that You Need to Know

Stroke is one of the most common medical conditions in the world. It is a condition that can severely affect your bodily processes and it is something that people are afraid of.

In this article, I will hand out all of the basic information that you need to know about Stroke.

What is It?

A stroke usually happens when blood cannot enter your brain, is restricted, or it is blocked altogether. This can happen if an artery in your brain gets blocked or damaged (a condition known as Ischemic Stroke, which is the most common type) or if a blood vessel in the brain ruptures (a condition known as Hemorrhagic Stroke).

You see, every part of our body will require blood. The blood that is pumped by the heart contains oxygen and other important nutrients that our body needs to survive.

If the brain is unable to get a sufficient supply of oxygen-rich blood, a stroke will occur and when it does, the brain cells of the affected person will slowly start to die.

In some cases, people can die of stroke and there are some that can survive, albeit one or more of their bodily processes get impaired.

For people who survive a stroke, they can either make a full recovery, or they may have impaired speech, mobility, limbs, eyesight, or permanent damage to the body depending on the region of the brain that is affected.

Even though strokes can be quite dangerous and deadly, it is a very preventable condition.

Signs and Symptoms

When a person is going to have a stroke, they will have a couple of “mini-strokes” days prior to the event. The signs of mini-strokes are the same as the main one, albeit that it only lasts a couple of minutes or a few hours. This usually happens when there is a blood clot in the brain that was fixed a couple of moments afterward. Mini-strokes do not cause permanent damage, but it is important for you to know that mini-strokes can lead to strokes and that will cause damage to your brain.

If you have a stroke or a mini-stroke, here are some of the symptoms that you may experience:

  • Blurred Vision or Trouble Seeing
  • Sudden numbness of the face, leg, or arm; usually only to the side that is affected in the brain. Sexual dysfunction is also imminent in men
  • Loss of balance or trouble walking
  • Trouble speaking or having your comprehension impaired.

Who Are Susceptible?

People who have a bad lifestyle are highly susceptible to having a stroke. For instance, if the person is overweight, smokes heavily, and does not do any form of strenuous physical activity, then their likelihood of having a stroke increases.

Furthermore, age can also be a factor, with people who are over the age of 65 having an increased chance of getting it. Men are more susceptible to this condition than women and those that have high blood pressure can also lead to an increased risk as well.

Treatment Options

Even though strokes can be scary, it is actually quite preventable. Here are some treatment options:

  • Medications
  • Surgery
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Rehabilitation (if you are addicted to smoking or drinking).